The knee joint has two C-shaped menisci—tough cartilage which cushions the space between the thigh bone and shin bone. The meniscus is important to the knee because they act as shock absorbers, lubricate the knee joint and help balance weight evenly across the knee.
There are two main causes of meniscus tears:
Traumatic injury—most often occurring during athletic activities
Degenerative processes—occurs as people age and the cartilage in the knee gets brittle
If the Kennedy Center surgeons determine you have a torn meniscus, they may recommend arthroscopic surgery to resect or repair the tear. In a resection, the surgeon will remove the torn tissue and save the healthy meniscus. During a meniscus repair, the surgeon will sew the torn tissue together to allow it to heal.
It’s important to have your knee evaluated by a specialist because without surgery, the meniscus will continue to tear and damage the surrounding healthy knee.